The Kingdom of Cambodia


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  The Kingdom of Cambodia, who chooses his king, had over 20 years of war in 1993 before becoming a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk and to know relative peace since 1998.
  LOCATIONS: plain of 181,000 km2, which occupies part of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Bordered by Thailand and Laos to the west and north, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the south.

  POPULATION: 13 million. Khmer (88%), Vietnamese and Chinese minorities. Illiteracy rate: over 60%.

  CAPITAL: Phnom Penh.
  LANGUAGE: Khmer.
  RELIGION: Buddhism (90%), Christian and Muslim minorities.

  HISTORY: Former French protectorate, Cambodia became independent in 1953.

  Knocked down by pro-American coup d'état in 1970, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, Head of State, is replaced by Lon Nol. After the takeover by the Khmer Rouge in April 1975, Cambodia became Democratic Kampuchea. The "revolution" imposed by Pol Pot genocide that will degenerate into nearly two million deaths.
  1979/1989: Vietnamese troops occupied Cambodia and installed a pro-Vietnamese government.

  On 23 October 1991, the Agreements peace of Paris put an end to 21 years of war and put Cambodia under UN supervision until the organization of free elections in May 1993.
In September 1993 a new constitution restored Sihanouk on the throne.

  1998: fall of the last Khmer Rouge stronghold at Anlong Veng. The rally of thousands of veterans and policy frameworks in Phnom Penh regime confirms the disintegration of the movement, including former chief historical Pol Pot died on April 15.

  2003: historic agreement between the UN and Phnom Penh on a tribunal to try surviving Khmer Rouge leaders, which could open in 2005.

  10/07/2004: The King Norodom Sihanouk abdicates

  10/14/2004 Accession of King Norodom Sihamoni (a son of King Norodom Sihanouk), the Council unanimously throne.
  POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: constitutional monarchy. The king reigns but does not govern.

  The People's Party (CPP) of Hun Sen's ruling, with a member of the coalition government of Funcinpec's Prince Norodom Ranariddh, a son of King Sihanouk. The main opposition party is the Sam Rainsy Party (SRP) of former finance minister.

  10/10/2005: Mr Prime Minister Hun Sen concludes in Hanoi the Treaty "Treaty additive" between the Socialist Republic Vienam and Popular Republic of Kampuchea in 1985, bowing part of Cambodian land and sea to the Socialist Republic of Viêtnan, thus violating the Agreements peace of Paris of 1991.

  07/15/2008: Thai military aggression of the "yellow shirts" on the temple of cambogien "Preah Vihear" in response to the inclusion of the Khmer temple of PreahVihear on the World Heritage List of UNESCO decided July 7, 2008 in Quebec, thus violating the judgment without appeal of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, 1962 Preah Vihear and the Paris Peace agreements of 1991

  ARMY: 120,000 men. The demobilization program knows hiccups.

  ECONOMY: Predominantly agricultural rice, maize, sugar cane. Garments and tourism are the main sources of revenue.
The garment industry accounts for 36% of GDP.

  OFFICIAL GROWTH : 2003: 5.2% (estimate)

  GNP (Gross National Product): $ 310 per capita.

 The kingdom of Cambodia is a member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Southeast) and the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF).

 In 2011, over one million tourists visited Cambodia, an increase of 50 percent over the previous year.

Leading the pack of countries whose nationals have visited most countries, there is Korea, followed by Japan, the United States, Britain, France, Thailand, Taiwan, China, Vietnam and Philippines.

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